Advertisement

Selected Disorders of Nutrition

  • Douglas J. InciarteEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Nutrition disorders seen in primary care are common in the daily medical practice, either in the inpatient or outpatient setting. The assessment and management of nutritional disorders are linked to intestinal and liver disorders that interfere with the nutrient metabolism, affecting the overall care of the patient. Malabsorption of nutrients in the human body causes multiple symptoms and signs such as diarrhea, musculoskeletal, neurological, skin, and mucous membrane pathology resulting in weight loss, weakness, malnutrition, and electrolyte abnormalities.

Keywords

Iron Deficiency Atrophic Gastritis Pernicious Anemia Folate Deficiency Chronic Atrophic Gastritis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Hoick MF. Medical progress vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med. 2007;357:266–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reid, IR. What diseases are causally linked to Vitamin D deficiency. Arch Dis Chil. 2014, doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-307961.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Holick MF. High prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy and implications for health. Mayo Clin Proc. 2006;81:353–73.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Giovannucci E, Willett WC, Dietrich T, Dawson-Hughes B. Estimation of optimal serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D for multiple health outcomes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84:18–28 [Erratum, Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84:1253.].PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Malabanan A, Veronikis IE, Holick MF. Redefining vitamin D insufficiency. Lancet. 1998;351:805–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Thomas KK, Lloyd Jones DM, Thadhani RI, et al. Hypovitaminosis D in medical inpatients. N Engl J Med. 1998;338:777–83.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rader et al. Osteomalacia and vitamin D deficiency. Orthopade. 2015;44(9):695–702, doi: 10.1007/s00132-015-3141-9, German.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Drezner et al. Uptodate patient information: vitamin D deficiency (Beyond the Basics) literature review current through: June 2015.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D report brief. Nov 2010. For more information visit www.iom.edu/vitamind
  10. 10.
    Dali-Youcef N, Andrès E. An update on cobalamin deficiency in adults. Q J Med. 2009;102:17–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lindenbaum J, Healton EB, Savage DG, et al. Neuropsychiatric disorders caused by cobalamin deficiency in the absence of anemia or macrocytosis. N Engl J Med. 1988;318:1720–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Healton EB, Savage DG, Brust JC, Garrett TJ, Lindenbaum J. Neurologic aspects of cobalamin deficiency. Medicine. 1991;70:229–45.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Savage DG, Lindenbaum J, Stabler SP, Allen RH. Sensitivity of serum methylmalonic acid and total homocysteine determinations for diagnosing cobalamin and folate deficiencies. Am J Med. 1994;96:239–46.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Toh BH, Chan J, Kyaw T, Alderuccio F. Cutting edge issues in autoimmune gastritis. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2012;42:269–78.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stabler SP. Megaloblastic anemias: pernicious anemia and folate deficiency. In: Young NS, Gerson SL, High KA, editors. Clinical hematology. Philadelphia: Mos- by; 2006. p. 242–51.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Carmel R. How I treat cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency. Blood. 2008;112:2214–21.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Anthony CA. Megaloblastic anemias. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Shattil SJ, et al., editors. Hematology: basic principles and practice. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingston; 1995. p. 552.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    MRC Vitamin Study Research Group. Prevention of neural tube defects: results of the Medical Research Council Vitamin Study. Lancet. 1991;338:131–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Clarke R, Grimley Evans J, Schneede J, et al. Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency in later life. Age Ageing. 2004;33:34.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Clayton PT, Smith I, Harding B, et al. Subacute combined degeneration of the cord, dementia and parkinsonism due to an inborn error of folate metabolism. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986;49:920.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    McLean E, Cogswell M, Egli I, Woj- dyla D, de Benoist B. Worldwide prevalence of anemia, WHO vitamin and mineral nutrition information system, 1993–2005. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12:444–54.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kassebaum NJ, Jasrasaria R, Naghavi M, et al. A systematic analysis of global anemia burden from 1990 to 2010. Blood. 2014;123:615–24.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stevens GA, Finucane MM, De-Regil LM, et al. Global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995–2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data. Lancet Global Health. 2013;1(1):e16–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Heimburger DC. Malnutrition and nutritional assessment. In: Kasper D, Fauci A, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson J, Loscalzo J, editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine, 19e. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2015.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kennedy, et al. Dietary supplement use pattern of U.S. adult population in the 2007–2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Ecol Food Nutr. 2013;52(1):76–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dickinson A, MacKay D, Wong A. Consumer attitudes about the role of multivitamins and other dietary supplements: report of a survey. Nutr J. 2015;14:66.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineUniversity of Nebraska College of MedicineOmahaUSA

Personalised recommendations