Encyclopedia of Database Systems

Living Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Conceptual Modeling Foundations: The Notion of a Model in Conceptual Modeling

  • Bernhard ThalheimEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7993-3_80780-1



A model is a well-formed, adequate, and dependable artifact that represents other origin artifacts. Its criteria of well-formedness, adequacy, and dependability must be commonly accepted by its community of practice within some context and correspond to the functions that a model fulfills in utilization scenarios and use spectra. As an artifact, a model is grounded in its community’s subdiscipline and is based on elements chosen from the subdiscipline. A conceptual model is based on abstract concepts and their interrelationships [2]. A conceptual database model represents the structure and the integrity constraints of a database within the given utilization scenario.

Main Text

The conceptual modeling community widely uses models for constructing information systems. Conceptual modeling is a widely applied practice, and its application has led to a large body of useful constructs and methods for creating artifacts that describe some abstraction of...


Cardinality Constraint Rational Coherence Conceptual Data Model Analogy Criterion Semantic Data Model 
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  1. 1.
    Thalheim B. The conceptual model ≡ an adequate and dependable artifact enhanced by concepts. Ser Front Artif Intell Appl. 2014;260:241–54. IOS Press.Google Scholar
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    Mahr B. Information science and the logic of models. Softw Syst Model. 2009;8(3):365–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Christian-Albrechts University KielKielGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • David W. Embley
    • 1
  1. 1.Brigham Young UniversityProvoUSA