Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2015 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil K. Jain

Conformance Testing Methodologies for Biometric Data Interchange Formats, Standardization of

  • Dylan Yaga
  • John W. M. Campbell
  • Gregory Zektser
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7488-4_9114


Compliance; Conformity; Conformity evaluation


The development of standardized methods and procedures for conformance testing (also known as conformity evaluation) of products or systems that claim to satisfy the requirements of one or more of the standardized biometric data interchange formats.

Concepts in Conformance Testing

A national or international standard consists of a set of requirements and frequently a set of recommendations (e.g., guidelines) (ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004, Standardization and related activities – General Vocabulary, definition 3.2 defines “Standard” as “A document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body that provides for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.”). Biometric data interchange format standards specify requirements that are traditionally classified in three categories: mandatory...

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  1. 1.
    InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards: M1, INCITS: M1 – Biometrics (2004). Website http://standards.incits.org/a/public/group/m1
  2. 2.
    NIST/ITL, Information Access Division, ANSI/NIST-ITL Standard Homepage (2013). Website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/ansi_standard.cfm
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    International Organization for Standardization Joint Technical Committee 1/SubCommittee 37. JTC 1/SC 37– Biometrics Homepage (n.d.). Website http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards_development/list_of_iso_technical_committees/jtc1_home/jtc1_sc37_home.htm
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    American National Standards Institute, eStandards Store (2013). Website http://webstore.ansi.org/
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    International Organization for Standardization, ISO Store (n.d.). Website http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store.htm
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    NIST/National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program, NVLAP (2013). Website http://www.nist.gov/nvlap/
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    Moore, Brad, Iorga, Michaela, “Biometrics Testing”, NIST Handbook 150-25 (2009). Website http://www.nist.gov/nvlap/upload/NIST-HB150-25-2009-1.pdf
  8. 8.
    NIST/National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program, Directory of Accredited Laboratories, Biometrics Testing (2013). Website http://ts.nist.gov/standards/scopes/biometrics.htm
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    Biometrics Identity Management Agency, Conformity Assessment (n.d.). Website http://www.biometrics.dod.mil/CurrentInitiatives/Standards/conformity.aspx
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    NIST/ITL, Information Access Division, MINEX Minutia Exchange (2011). Website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/minex.cfm
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    C. Wilson, P. Grother, R. Chandramouli, Biometric data specification for personal identity verification. NIST Special Publication 800-76-1, 2007Google Scholar
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    “Seafarers’ Identity Documents Convention (Revised)”, International Labour Organization Convention No. 185, International Labour Organization, 2003Google Scholar
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    NIST/ITL, Computer Security Division. Biometric Conformance Test Software for Biometric Data Interchange Formats (2013). Website http://www.nist.gov/itl/csd/biometrics/biocta_download.cfm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dylan Yaga
    • 1
  • John W. M. Campbell
    • 2
  • Gregory Zektser
    • 3
  1. 1.Computer Security Division, Systems & Emerging Technologies Security Research, National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  2. 2.Bion Biometrics Inc.NepeanCanada
  3. 3.Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.HerndonUSA