Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Information Retrieval Operations

  • Edie Rasmussen
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_940

Synonyms

Information retrieval processing

Definition

An information retrieval system for collections of unstructured text can be viewed as a set of processing modules, beginning with lexical analysis of documents and leading ultimately to a retrieval process in which user queries are matched against documents. The processes which make up an information retrieval system are referred to as information retrieval operations. In some cases, the end goal is not the retrieval of matching documents from a collection but an auxiliary application, such as document categorization, summarization, or filtering of information from an information stream. While the basic operations in information retrieval systems are similar, there can be considerable variability in the model or details of implementation, making evaluation of information retrieval system effectiveness an important step.

Historical Background

Early work in information retrieval began in the 1950s with the recognition that words in...

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Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Library, Archival and Information StudiesThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Edie Rasmussen
    • 1
  1. 1.Library, Archival & Inf. StudiesThe Univ. of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada