Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Resource Description Framework

  • Christian BizerEmail author
  • Maria-Esther Vidal
  • Michael Weiss
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_905




The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a graph-based data model for sharing information on the Web [1, 2]. RDF has been standardized by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The data model puts special emphasis on the globally unique identification of all model elements with Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs). The globally unique identification of the described objects (called resources in the RDF context) enables data from different sources to be represented in a single RDF graph and lays the foundation for the integration of the data in a pay-as-you-go fashion. The globally unique identification of schema elements (called vocabulary terms in the RDF context) provides for mixing terms from different schemata in a single RDF graph and makes RDF a schema-less data model. The RDF data model forms the foundation for a wide range of RDF-based technologies including the SPARQL query language, various data exchange formats such as RDF/XML, RDFa, JSON-LD, and...

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Recommended Reading

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    Cyganiak R, Wood D, Lanthaler M. RDF 1.1 Concepts and abstract syntax. W3C recommendation. 2014. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-concepts-20140225/
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    Schreiber G, Raimond Y. RDF 1.1 Primer, W3C working group note. 2014. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/NOTE-rdf11-primer-20140624/
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    Berners-Lee T. Semantic web road map. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/Semantic.html
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    Allemang D, Hendler J. Semantic web for the working ontologist: modeling in RDF, RDFS and OWL. 2nd ed. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Bizer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria-Esther Vidal
    • 2
  • Michael Weiss
    • 3
  1. 1.Web-based Systems GroupUniversity of MannheimMannheimGermany
  2. 2.Computer ScienceUniversidad Simon BolivarCaracasVenezuela
  3. 3.Carleton UniversityOttawaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Manfred Jeusfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.IITUniversity of SkövdeSkövdeSweden