Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

RDF Technology

  • Christian BizerEmail author
  • Maria-Esther Vidal
  • Michael Weiss
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_80781


Family of technologies that are standardized by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and built on the Resource Description Framework (RDF). RDF technologies encompass data exchange formats, query languages, and various vocabularies and ontologies [1]. RDF technologies provide the basis for data integration of heterogeneous data sources as well as for the semantic description of resources in terms of assertions on the properties of these resources and relationships among them.

Historical Background

RDF technologies integrate ideas for knowledge representation commonly used by Database and Artificial Intelligence communities, e.g., semantic data models, deductive databases, semantic networks, frames, and relational databases. In 1998, Tim Berners-Lee presented the RDF data model as a framework to describe the metadata of resources in the Semantic Web [2]. Since then, several extensions have been defined to provide more precise descriptions of resources as well as more powerful...

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Recommended Reading

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    Hitzler P., Krötzsch M., Rudolph S. Foundations of semantic web technologies. CRC Press; 6 Aug 2009.Google Scholar
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    Berners-Lee T. What the semantic web can represent. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html, 1998.
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    Schreiber G., Raimond Y.: RDF 1.1 primer, W3C working group note. 2014. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/NOTE-rdf11-primer-20140624/
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    W3C SPARQL Working Group: SPARQL 1.1 Overview. W3C Recommendation. 2013. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/sparql11-overview/
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    DCMI Usage Board: Dublin Core metadata element set, version 1.1. DCMI recommendation. 2012. Available online at: http://dublincore.org/documents/2012/06/14/dces/
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    Jupp S, Malone J, Bolleman J, Brandizi M, Davies M, Garcia L, Gaulton A, Gehant S, Laibe C, Redaschi N, et al. The EBI RDF platform: linked open data for the life sciences. Bioinformatics. 2014;30(9):1338–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Meusel R, Petrovski P, Bizer C. The WebDataCommons microdata, RDFa and microformat dataset series. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Semantic Web Conference; 2014. p. 277–92.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Bizer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria-Esther Vidal
    • 2
  • Michael Weiss
    • 3
  1. 1.Web-based Systems GroupUniversity of MannheimMannheimGermany
  2. 2.Computer ScienceUniversidad Simon BolivarCaracasVenezuela
  3. 3.Carleton UniversityOttawaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lei Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina