Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Distributed DBMS

  • Sameh Elnikety
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_654

Synonyms

Distributed Database Management System (DDBMS)

Definition

A distributed DBMS is a software system that manages a distributed database, which consists of data that are partitioned and/or replicated among interconnected server sites. The primary objective of a distributed DBMS is to hide data distribution so that it appears as one logical database system to the clients while providing better performance or availability.

Historical Background

Distributed DBMS started in the late 1970s [2, 10, 12] with shared-nothing parallel database systems [13], which were designed for achieving higher performance by exploiting parallelism in transaction workloads. Work on distributed DBMS was mainly motivated by the need to manage data for large organizations having different offices and subsidiaries but slow computer networks hampered the adoption of DDBMS [14]. In the 1990s, advances in computer networking coupled with the growing business needs to manage distributed data fueled the work on...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microsoft ResearchRedmondUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anastasia Ailamaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Informatique et CommunicationsEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland