Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Multitier Architecture

  • Heiko SchuldtEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_652


Multi-layered architecture; n-tier architecture


A Multi-tier Architecture is a software architecture in which different software components, organized in tiers (layers), provide dedicated functionality. The most common occurrence of a multi-tier architecture is a three-tier system consisting of a data management tier (mostly encompassing one or several database servers), an application tier (business logic) and a client tier (interface functionality). Novel deployments come with additional tiers. Web information systems, for instance, encompass a dedicated tier (web tier) between client and application layer.

Conceptually, a multi-tier architecture results from a repeated application of the client/server paradigm. A component in one of the middle tiers is client to the next lower tier and at the same time acts as server to the next higher tier.

Historical Background

Early generation software systems have been built in a monolithic way. This means that all the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Databases and Information Systems Research GroupUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anastasia Ailamaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Informatique et CommunicationsEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland