Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Web Services and the Semantic Web for Life Science Data

  • Cartik R. Kothari
  • Mark D. Wilkinson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_633

Definitions

Web services are frameworks for communication between computer applications on the World Wide Web. A general feature of “canonical” Web services is that they expose Web-based application interfaces in the form of a Web Services Description Language (WSDL) document with machine-readable content describing the input(s), output(s), and location of an application. The Semantic web extends the traditional Web by applying human and machine-readable labels to the links between resources, and encouraging those resources to be “typed” into a set of well-grounded categories, defined by shared ontologies. Machines can thus explore and process the content of the Semantic Web in meaningful ways. Moreover, the Semantic Web moves beyond simple documents and allows linking of individual data points, analytical tools, and even conceptual entities with no physical representation. Ontologiesare formal descriptions of a knowledge domain, and range from simple controlled vocabularies to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Fang W et al. Performance analysis of a semantics enabled service registry. In: Selected papers from the 2005 U.K. e-Science All Hands Meeting; 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fensel D, Bussler C. The web services modeling framework (WSMF). Electron Commer Res Appl. 2002;1(2):113–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goble C, Pettifer S, Stevens R, Greenhalgh C. Knowledge integration: in silico experiments in bioinformatics. In: Foster I, Kesselman C, editors. The grid: blueprint for a new computing infrastructure. 2nd ed. Los Altos: Morgan Kaufmann; 2003.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gordon P, Sensen C. Seahawk: moving beyond HTML in web-based bioinformatics analyses. BMC Bioinform. 2007;8(1):208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hull D, Wolstencroft K, Stevens R, Goble C, Pocock M, Li P, Oinn T. Taverna: a tool for building and running workflows of services. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006;34(2):W729–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kawas E, Senger M, Wilkinson M. BioMoby extensions to the taverna workflow management and enactment software. BMC Bioinform. 2006;7(1):523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ruttenberg A, et al. Advancing translational research with the semantic web. BMC Bioinform. 2007;8(Suppl. 3):S2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sahoo S, Sheth A, Hunter B, York W. Sembowser: adding semantics to a biological web services registry. In: Baker C, Cheung K, editors. Semantic web: revolutionizing knowledge discovery in the life sciences: Springer; 2007.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wessel M, Möller R. A high performance semantic web query answering engine. In: Proceedings of the 2005 International Workshop on Description Logics; 2005.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wilkinson M, Links M. BioMOBY: an open-source biological web services proposal. Brief Bioinform. 2002;3(4):331–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xue T, Yang B, Will R, Sharp B, Kenyon R, Crasta O, Sobral B. A generalized framework for pathosystems informatics and bioinformatics web services. In: Proceedings of the 2007 International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomedical InformaticsOhio State University, College of MedicineColumbusUSA
  2. 2.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Louiqa Raschid
    • 1
  1. 1.Robert H. Smith School of BusinessUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA