Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Clinical Data Acquisition, Storage, and Management

  • Chimezie Ogbuji
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_54

Synonyms

Case report forms; Clinical data management systems; Electronic data capture

Definition

The management of clinical data for supporting patient care and for supporting retrospective clinical research requires a means to acquire the clinical data and a repository that stores the data and provides the functions necessary for managing them over their lifetime. Typically, patient data are collected “at the point of care” (i.e., onsite where health care is being provided) and entered into a patient record system [2]. Data entry is typically the first line of precaution for maintaining a certain amount of quality on the data collected. Subsequently, a representative from an externally sponsoring organization or authorized personnel from within the health care institution then extracts a select set of medical record data into a Clinical Data Management System (CDMS). The entries in such systems are often referred to as secondary patient records since they are derived from a primary...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Anisfeld MH, Prokscha S. Practical guide to clinical data management. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1999.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Committee on Improving the Patient Record, Institute of Medicine. The computer-based patient record: an essential technology for health care. Revised edition. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 1997.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lori A, Nesbitt. Clinical research: What it is and how it works. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2003.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rondel RK, Varley SA, Webb CF. Clinical data management. Chichester: Wiley; 2000.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ruttenberg A, Clark T, Bug W, Samwald M, Bodenreider O, Chen H, Doherty D, Forsberg K, Gao Y, Kashyap V, Kinoshita J, Luciano J, Marshall MS, Ogbuji C, Rees J, Stephens S, Wong GT, Elizabeth W, Zaccagnini D, Hongsermeier T, Neumann E, Herman I, Cheung KH. Advancing translational research with the Semantic Web. BMC Bioinf. 2007;8(Suppl 3):S2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wilson D, Pace MD, Elizabeth W, Staton MSTC. Electronic data collection options for practice-based research networks. Ann Fam Med. 2005;3(Suppl 1):S2–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vipul Kashyap
    • 1
  1. 1.Director, Clinical ProgramsCIGNA HealthcareBloomfieldUSA