Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Location-Based Services

  • Scott A. Bridwell
  • Harvey J. Miller
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_494

Synonyms

Geographic information services; LBS; Location services; Mobile map services

Definition

Location-based services (LBS) provide targeted information to individuals based on their geographic location in real or near-real time, typically through wireless communication networks and clients such as portable computers, personal digital assistants, mobile phones, and in-vehicle navigation systems.

Historical Background

LBS have emerged from the convergence of three major technological trends: (i) geospatial technologies, including location-aware technologies, geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial databases; (ii) the Internet, and; (iii) information and communication technologies, in particular, personal computing devices and mobile communication. Some of these technologies date to the late 1960s and early 1970s. For example, the first GIS was developed in the mid-1960s, while the global positioning system, the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), mobile telephony...

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Recommended Reading

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    Duckham M, Kulik L, Birtley A. A spatio-temporal model of strategies and counter-strategies for locational privacy protection. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Geographic Information Science; 2006. p. 47–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Spiekermann S. General aspects of location-based services. In: Schiller J, Voisard A, editors. Location-based services. Morgan Kaufmann: New York; 2004.p. 9–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ouri Wolfson
    • 1
  1. 1.Mobile Information Systems Center (MOBIS)The University of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA