Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Quality and Trust of Information Content and Credentialing

  • Chintan Patel
  • Chunhua Weng
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_288

Definition

The quality and reliability of biomedical information is critical for practitioners (clinicians and biomedical scientists) to make important decisions about patient conditions and to draw key scientific conclusions towards developing new drugs, therapies and procedures. Evaluating the quality and trustworthiness of biomedical information [1] requires answering questions such as, where did the data come from, under what conditions was the data generated, how accurate and complete is the data, and so on.

Key Points

The quality and reliability of biomedical information is dependent on the task or the context of the application. There is a basic set of domain-independent features that can be used to characterize the quality and trustworthiness of the information:
  • Accuracy: The correctness of the information. Inherent noisiness in the underlying data generating clinical processes or biological experiments often leads to various errors in the resulting data. It is critical to...

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Recommended Reading

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    Black N. High-quality clinical databases: breaking down barriers. Lancet. 1999;353(9160):1205–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Buza TJ, McCarthy FM, Wang N, Bridges SM, Burgess SC. Gene Ontology annotation quality analysis in model eukaryotes. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008;36(2):e12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    D’Ascenzo MD, Collmer A, Martin GB. PeerGAD: a peer-review-based and community-centric web application for viewing and annotating prokaryotic genome sequences. Nucleic Acids Res. 2004;32(10):3124–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Thiru K, Hassey A, Sullivan F. Systematic review of scope and quality of electronic patient record data in primary care. BMJ. 2003;26(7398):1070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vipul Kashyap
    • 1
  1. 1.Director, Clinical ProgramsCIGNA HealthcareBloomfieldUSA