Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Image Representation

  • Valerie Gouet-Brunet
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1438

Synonyms

File format; Image compression; Image content; Image metadata; Image standards; Multimedia

Definition

In computer science, the representation of an image can take many forms. Most of the time, it refers to the way that the conveyed information, such as color, is coded digitally and how the image is stored, i.e., how is structured an image file. Several open or patented standards were proposed to create, manipulate store and exchange digital images. They describe the format of image files, the algorithms of image encoding such as compression as well as the format of additional information often called metadata. Differently, the visual content of the image can also take part in its representation. This more recent concept has provided new approaches of representation and new standards, gathered together into the discipline named content-based image indexing.

Historical Background

The first use of digital images began in the early 1920s with the technological development of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Datta R, Joshi D, Li J, Wang JZ. Image retrieval: ideas, influences, and trends of the new age. ACM Comput Surv. 2008;40(2):1–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Burnett SI, Pereira F, Van de Walle R, Koenen R. The MPEG-21 Book. Chichester: Wiley; 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Manjunath BS, Salembier P, Sikora T. Introduction to MPEG-7: multimedia content description interface. Berlin/New York: Wiley; 2002.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Murray JD, vanRyper W. Encyclopedia of graphics file formats. 2nd ed. Bonn: O’Reilly; 1996.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pianykh OS. Digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM): a practical introduction and survival guide. Berlin: Springer; 2008.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Salomon D, Motta G, Bryant D. Data compression: the complete reference. 4th ed. New York/Berlin: Springer; 2006.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Taubman DS, Marcellin MW. JPEG2000: image compression fundamentals, standards and practice, Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science, Secs 642. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2002 , 52001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wallace GK. The JPEG still picture compressin standard. Commun ACM. 1991;34(4):30–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNAM ParisParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Oria
    • 1
  • Shin'ichi Satoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNew Jersey Inst. of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Digital Content and Media Sciences ReseaMultimedia Information Research DivisionNational Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan