Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Graph

  • Hans Hinterberger
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1374

Synonyms

Chart; Plot

Definition

Graph theory: A set of nodes (also called points or vertices) connected by links called lines or edges or arcs. In an undirected graph, a line from point A to point B is considered to be the same thing as a line from point B to point A. In a directed graph, the two directions are counted as being distinct arcs or directed edges.

Mathematics: A diagram exhibiting a relationship, often functional, between two or more sets of numbers as a set of points having coordinates determined by the relationship. Also called a plot.

Computer science: A data structure representing relationships or connections in lists, trees, and networks.

Data visualization: Any pictorial device such as a point graph, surface graph, or symbol graph used to display numerical relationships. Also called a chart because graphs constitute one of the major categories of charts. Graphs combine two or more straight or circular axes, utilizing one or more quantitative scales. Straight axes are...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Cleveland WS. The elements of graphing data. revised ed. Summit: Hobart Press; 1994.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harris RL. Information graphics: a comprehensive illustrated reference. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1999.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tufte ER. The visual display of quantitative information. Cheshire: Graphics Press; 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hans Hinterberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. of Scientific ComputingETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland