Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Database Security

  • Elena Ferrari
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_111

Synonyms

Database protection

Definition

Database security is a discipline that seeks to protect data stored into a DBMS from intrusions, improper modifications, theft, and unauthorized disclosures. This is realized through a set of security services, which meet the security requirements of both the system and the data sources. Security services are implemented through particular processes, which are called security mechanisms.

Historical Background

Research in database security has its root in operating system security [ 6], whereas its developments follow those in DBMSs. Database security has many branches, whose main historical developments are summarized in what follows:
  • Access control. In the 1970s, as part of the research on System R at IBM Almaden Research Center, there was a lot of work on access control for relational DBMSs [2]. About the same time, some early work on Multilevel Secure Database Management Systems (MLS/DBMSs) was reported, whereas much of the development on...

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Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DiSTAUniversity of InsubriaVareseItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elena Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.DiSTAUniv. of InsubriaVareseItaly