Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Statistical Disclosure Limitation for~Data~Access

  • Stephen E. Fienberg
  • Jiashun Jin
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1046

Synonyms

Confidentiality protection; Multiplicity; Privacy protection; Restricted data; Risk-utility tradeoff

Definition

Statistical Disclosure Limitation refers to the broad array of methods used to protect confidentiality of statistical data, i.e., fulfilling an obligation to data providers or respondents not to transmit their information to an unauthorized party. Data Access refers to complementary obligations of statistical agencies and others to provide information for statistical purposes without violating promises of confidentiality.

Historical Background

Starting in the early twentieth century, U.S. government statistical agencies worked to develop approaches for the protection of the confidentiality of data gathered on individuals and organizations. As such agencies also have a public obligation to use the data for the public good, they have developed both a culture of confidentiality protection and a set of statistical techniques to assure that data are released in a form...

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Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chris Clifton
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer SciencePurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA