Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Interface Engines in Healthcare

  • Dan Russler
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_103

Synonyms

Mapping engines; Messaging engines; Service buses; Transformation engines

Definition

A computer application that supports the transformation of the syntactic and semantic structures in communication content during transmission from a sending system to receiving system(s), ensuring reliable delivery of the communication and minimizing information loss and semantic shift during the communication.

Historical Background

Before the invention of application programming interfaces (API) and CORBA Interface Definition Language (IDL) files, “interface” was the term used to describe the electronic communication of information between two computers [1]. Today, the term “interface” also refers to communications between layers of software and even between software objects within a software layer. A modern example of an interface is a Web Service Definition Language (WSDL) file in XML format (www.w3.org).

Within early interfaces, the syntax of the communication content, i.e., linear...

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Recommended Reading

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    Collen M. A history of medical informatics in the United States, 1950 to 1990. Bethesda: American Medical Informatics Association; 1995.Google Scholar
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    Dolin R et al. HL7 clinical document architecture, release 2. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006;13(1):30–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Gill A. Introduction to the theory of finite-state machines. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1962.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
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    Lenz R et al. A practical approach to process support in health information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002;9(6):571–85.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    McDonald C. The barriers to electronic medical record systems and how to overcome them. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1997;4(3):213–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Russler D. et al. Influences of the unified service action model on the HL7 reference information model. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care, 1999, p. 930–34.Google Scholar
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    White T et al. Extending the LOINC conceptual schema to support standardized assessment instruments. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2002;9(6):586–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oracle Health SciencesRedwood ShoresUSA
  2. 2.Georgia Tech Research InstituteAtlantaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vipul Kashyap
    • 1
  1. 1.Director, Clinical ProgramsCIGNA HealthcareBloomfieldUSA