Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Video Shot Detection

  • Chong-Wah Ngo
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1021

Synonyms

Camera break detection; Shot boundary detection

Definition

Shot is a contiguous sequence of video frames with smooth and continuous camera motion. Shot can thus be viewed as an uninterrupted video frame sequence of space, time, and graphical configuration. The boundary between two shots is called a camera break (or video edit). Based on the transitional properties of video edits, there are two major types of camera breaks: cut and gradual transition. A camera cut is an instantaneous change from one shot to another. The gradual transition can further be categorized as wipe and dissolve. A wipe is the moving transition of a frame (or a pattern) across the screen that enables one shot to gradually replace another. A dissolve superimposes two shots, where one shot gradually appears while the other fades out slowly. Fade-in and fade-out can be considered as the special cases of dissolve, by replacing one of the shots as a constant image sequence (e.g., black image sequence). In...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.City University of Hong KongHong KongChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Oria
    • 1
  • Shin'ichi Satoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNew Jersey Inst. of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Digital Content and Media Sciences ReseaMultimedia Information Research DivisionNational Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan