Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Living Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Geographical Indications

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7883-6_192-1

Definition

The issues at hand. Geographical indications (GIs) are signs (or symbols) used in connection with the sale of goods which convey an association, direct or indirect, with a place or location, which may be relevant for certain features of the good in question.

Rules concerning GIs may be found both at the municipal (or domestic) level and in international agreements. The international framework for dealing with GIs is to be found in the 1883 Paris Convention, in the 1891 Madrid Arrangement and in the 1958 Lisbon agreement. After the adoption by the European Union of the sui generis regime for GIs and designations of origin in 1992, a multilateral equilibrium was found in the 1994 TRIPs agreement.

When the same geographical symbol is used simultaneously by many businesses, a number of issues arise which may be dealt with in several ways. The different alternatives are discussed hereafter along with the reasons which may dictate the choice among them. They all rely, however, on...

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Auteri P (2010) Indicazioni geografiche, disciplina delle pratiche commerciali scorrette e concorrenza sleale. In: Studi in memoria di Paola A.E. Frassi. Giuffrè, Milano, 23 ssGoogle Scholar
  2. Blakeney M (2014) The protection of geographical indications. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Echols MA (2003) Geographical indications for food, TRIPs and the Doha development agenda. J Afr Law 47:199 ffCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gangjee D (2012) Relocating the law of geographical indications. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Goebel B, Groeschl M (2014) The long road to resolving conflicts between trademarks and geographical indications. TMR 104:829 ffGoogle Scholar
  6. Knaak R (2015) Geographical indications and their relations with trade marks in EU law. ICC 46:843 ffGoogle Scholar
  7. Libertini M (2010) L’informazione sull’origine dei prodotti nella disciplina comunitaria. Riv Dirit Ind I:289 ffGoogle Scholar
  8. Mantrov V (2014) EU law on indications of geographical origin: theory and practice. Springer, ChamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ricolfi M (2015) Trattato dei marchi. Diritto europeo e nazionale, vol 2. Giappichelli, Torino, 1754 ffGoogle Scholar
  10. Sarti D (2009) Segni e garanzie di qualità. In: Ubertazzi B, Muñiz Espada E (eds) Le indicazioni di qualità degli alimenti. Giuffrè, Milano, 113 ssGoogle Scholar
  11. Sironi GE (2014) Marchi collettivi. In: Scuffi M, Franzosi M (eds) Diritto industriale italiano, vol 1, Diritto sostanziale. CEDAM, Padova, 312 ffGoogle Scholar
  12. Tosato A (2013) The protection of traditional foods in the EU: traditional specialties guaranteed. Eur Law J 19:545 ffCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Legal Studies, Department of LawTurin UniversityTurinItaly