Enteral Diets and Parenteral Feedings with Different n-6/n-3 Ratios in Rats and Mice

Reference work entry


This chapter discusses animal studies in rats. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to suppress inflammation and regulate the immune response. These effects were reported with enteral diets administered during heart allotransplantation, sepsis, and intestinal damage. Additionally, n-3 PUFAs improve blood flow in the intestine. Moreover, animal studies reveal the importance of n-6/n-3 ratios of enteral diets in both short-term and long-term administration due to the influence on n-6/n-3 ratios in some tissues including the brain.


Fatty Acid Composition Intestinal Damage Tissue Fatty Acid Improve Blood Flow Trinitrobenzene Sulfonic Acid 

List of Abbreviations


Docosahexaenoic acid


Eicosapentaenoic acid


Polyunsaturated fatty acid


Red blood cell


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food Science and NutritionShowa Women’s UniversityTokyoJapan

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