Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Electoral Systems

  • Guido OrtonaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_733

Definition

Electoral system. An electoral system is the set of rules employed to summon a representative body on the basis of the preferences expressed by a group of electors, through a given voting procedure. The chapter compares electoral systems with reference to the election of a Chamber of a democratic Parliament.

Introduction and Overview

An electoral systemis the set of rules employed to summon a representative body on the basis of the preferences expressed by a group of electors, through a given voting procedure. This definition applies to many settings, from parents’ circles to supernational organizations; in this survey we will deal only with the election of a Chamber of a Parliament. We will also limit the discussion to the context that is usual in present-time democracies; hence we will assume (a) that all voters express the same number of votes (very often one, but there are many exceptions) and (b) that within the set of allowed alternatives, there are no constraints on...

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Farrell DM (2011) Electoral systems: a comparative introduction, 2nd edn. Palgrave Macmillan, Houndmills, BasingstokeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gallagher M (ed) (2005) The politics of electoral systems. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UKGoogle Scholar
  3. Norris P (2004) Electoral engineering. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza e Scienze Politiche, Economiche e SocialiUniversità del Piemonte OrientaleAlessandriaItaly