Conflict of Interest
Fundamental to the notion of conflict of interest is the idea that someone’s ability to exercise proper judgment is at risk of being affected by a personal interest or by a competing duty. These extraneous factors interfere with judgment not as ends that a decision-maker has in view but as factors that tend to influence the ends in view. The presence of such factors puts at risk the decision-maker’s ability to evaluate the weight to be given to the relevant considerations on which the decision is based, irrespective of his desire to resist the temptation of self-interest. The main danger in a conflict of interest situation is the risk of unreliable judgment rather than corruption.
A conflict of interest situation arises when a person who has a preexisting obligation to exercise judgment over the interests of another has a personal interest or duty that tends to interfere with the proper exercise of his judgment (Davis 1982). Conflicts of interest can arise in...
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