Legal aid is a type of financial aid in which the State bears the costs of litigation to allow the poorest people access to the courts. It therefore reduces the litigation costs borne by the beneficiary litigant. It may thereby have an impact on the litigants’ behavior (decision to sue, dispute resolution procedure, precaution taking, incentive to engage in a criminal activity). It may also have an impact on lawyers’ activities and the effort they devote to defending their clients’ interests. It may therefore be useful to compare this method of financing access to justice with other possible alternatives, such as contingent/conditional fees and legal expenses insurance.
Legal aid is a financial aid of the State to make access to justice for poor people easier. Law and economics scholars study its impact on the litigantsâ€™ behaviour (decision to sue, dispute resolution procedure, precaution taking, incentive to engage in a criminal activity) but also on lawyers'...
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