Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Greece: Modern Greece 1821–2018, A political History of

  • Aristides HatzisEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_53

Definition

Modern Greece has a history of almost two centuries. During these centuries, the country managed to move from the backwaters of Europe to a prosperous liberal democracy before economic crisis hit the country hard in 2010. Greece was founded after a War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire that was based on liberal and democratic principles. This left a political legacy which led to universal male suffrage as early as 1844 and one of the longest parliamentary histories in Europe, despite the tumultuous political life and brief periods of authoritarian regimes. The nineteenth century was a period of a slow modernization of the country (in infrastructure and institutions) but is was also suffocated by “Megali Idea,” the irredentist dream of the enlargement of the Greek state to include all lands, under Ottoman rule, inhabited by large Greek-speaking populations. A great part of Megali Idea was realized in early twentieth century but the triumphs ended with a devastating...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is grateful to Konstantina Botsiou, Maria Efthymiou, Yulie Foka-Kavalieraki, Basil Gounaris, Evanthis Hatzivassiliou, Akritas Kaidatzis, Dimitris Keridis, Nikos Marantzidis, Iakovos Michailidis, Ioanna Sapfo Pepelasis, Ioannis Stefanidis, Thanos Veremis, Spyros Vlachopoulos and Elpida Vogli for valuable comments to a previous draft. The usual caveat applies.

References

  1. Brewer D (2001) The flame of freedom: the Greek War of Independence, 1821–1833. John Murray, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Brewer D (2010) Greece, the hidden centuries: Turkish rule from the fall of Constantinople to Greek Independence. I.B. Tauris, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Brewer D (2016) Greece, the decade of war: occupation, resistance and civil war. I.B. Tauris, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Clogg R (2013) A concise history of Greece, 3rd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Diamandouros N (1972) Political modernization, social conflict and cultural cleavage in the formation of the modern Greek state: 1821–1828. Columbia University PhD thesisGoogle Scholar
  6. Featherstone K (ed) (2014) Europe in modern Greek history. Hurst, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Featherstone K, Papadimitriou D (2015) Prime ministers in Greece: the paradox of power. Oxford University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gallant TW (2015) The Edinburgh history of the Greeks, 1768 to 1913 (the long nineteenth century). Edinburgh University Press, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  9. Gallant TW (2016) Modern Greece: from the war of independence to the present, 2nd edn. Bloomsbury, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Gounaris BG (1996) Social cleavages and national ‘awakening’ in Ottoman Macedonia. East Eur Q 29:409–426Google Scholar
  11. Greene M (2015) The Edinburgh history of the Greeks, 1453 to 1768 (the Ottoman Empire). Edinburgh University Press, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  12. Hatzis AN (2002) The short-lived influence of the Napoleonic Civil Code in 19th century Greece. Eur J Law Econ 14:253–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hatzis AN (2018) Greece’s institutional trap. Manag Decis Econ 39. (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  14. Hatzivassiliou E (2011) Greece and the Cold War: front line state, 1952–1967. Routedge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Hering G (1992) Die politischen Parteien in Griechenland 1821–1936, (2 vols.). R. Oldenbourg Verlag, MunichGoogle Scholar
  16. Iatrides JO (1972) Revolt in Athens: the Greek Communist Second Round, 1944–1945. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  17. Kaltchas N (1940) Introduction to the constitutional history of modern Greece. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Kalyvas SN (2015) Modern Greece: what everyone needs to know. Oxford, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Keridis D (2009) Historical dictionary of modern Greece. Scarecrow Press, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  20. Kitromilides PM (ed) (2006) Eleftherios Venizelos: the trials of statesmanship. Edinburgh University Press, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  21. Kitromilides PM (2013) Enlightenment and revolution: the making of modern Greece. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Koliopoulos JS, Veremis TM (2007) Greece: the modern sequel (from 1821 to the present), 2nd edn. Hurst, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Koliopoulos JS, Veremis TM (2009) Modern Greece: a history since 1821. Wiley-Blackwell, MaldenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kostis K (2018) History’s spoiled children: the story of modern Greece. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  25. Mavrogordatos GT (1983) Stillborn republic: social coalitions and party strategies in Greece, 1922–1936. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  26. Mazower M (1993) Inside Hitler’s Greece: the experience of occupation, 1941–44. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  27. Mazower M (ed) (2000) After the war was over: reconstructing the family, nation, and state in Greece, 1943–1960. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  28. Mazower M (2004) Salonica, city of ghosts: Christians, Muslims and Jews 1430–1950. Vintage Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. McNeil WH (1978) The metamorphosis of Greece since World War II. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  30. Pappas TS (1998) Making Party Democracy in Greece. PalgraveGoogle Scholar
  31. Petropoulos AJ (1968) Politics and statecraft in the kingdom of Greece: 1833–1843. Princeton University Press, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ricks D, Beaton R (eds) (2016) The making of modern Greece: nationalism, romanticism, and the uses of the past (1797–1896). Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. Stefanidis ID (2007) Stirring the Greek nation: political culture, irredentism and anti-Americanism in post-war Greece, 1945–1967. Ashgate, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  34. Woodhouse CM (1976) The struggle for Greece, 1941–1949. Ivan R. Dee, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  35. Woodhouse CM (2000) Modern Greece: a short history. Faber & Faber, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History and Philosophy of ScienceNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece