Criminal constitutions exist in a number of different criminal enterprises, from the Golden Age of Pirates to modern prison and street gangs. The purpose of these constitutions is to better facilitate cooperation among organizational members in order to help better achieve profit maximization.
It is easy to imagine criminal organizations being composed of lawless, all out for their own chaotic individuals but this is far from the truth. From an economic perspective, especially since Gary Becker’s famous 1968 publication, Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach, the starting point for analyzing criminal behavior is to assume that criminals are rational agents. From this perspective, it is not surprising to find that many black markets and other criminal organizations are extremely orderly and rational. This is, of course, not to say that they are desirable or morally good but if we are to truly understand criminal organization it is important to...
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