Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Cameralism

  • Andre WakefieldEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_108

Definition

Cameralism was an aspiring profession during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; it thrived in the small territories of the Holy Roman Empire. Academic cameralists, using law and medicine as their models, constructed a system of auxiliary sciences – largely natural, economic, and technological sciences – to support the training of future state servants in the German lands. This system of professional knowledge, known as the cameral sciences, was taught at German universities during the eighteenth century. As a professional model, cameralism ultimately lost out to jurisprudence, but the discourse that it spawned extended well beyond the German lands into Austria-Hungary, Scandinavia, and the Italian states.

Introduction

Historians of economic thought often treat their discipline like physics or chemistry, which is to say, they regard it as a positive science. In this, they follow Milton Friedman. “Economics as a positive science,” he famously argued, “is a body of...

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Further Reading

  1. Dittrich E (1974) Die deutschen und österreichischen Kameralisten. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, DarmstadtGoogle Scholar
  2. Nielsen A (1911) Die Entstehung der deutschen Kameralwissenschaft im 17. Jahrhundert. Fischer, JenaGoogle Scholar
  3. Rosenberg H (1958) Bureaucracy, aristocracy, and autocracy. The prussian experience 1660–1815. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Sommer L (1920–25) Die Österreichischen Kameralisten. 2 vols. Konegen, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  5. Troitzsch T (1966) Ansätze technologischen Denkens bei den Kameralisten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts. Duncker & Humblot, BerlinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pitzer College, Claremont CollegesClaremontUSA