Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Visual Aftereffects, Models of

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_730-1

Synonyms

Definition

Visual aftereffects are systematic changes in perception of a visual stimulus after adaptation to a previous stimulus. For instance, the tilt aftereffect affects the perception of tilted lines – after staring at an oriented line, slightly rotated lines appear to be much more different in orientation. Similar effects occur for a very wide variety of stimuli and have prompted a range of computational explanations primarily focusing on changes in responsiveness of feature-selective neurons in the visual cortex. Aftereffects are one type of visual illusion, which are discussed further in the entry “Visual Aftereffects, Models of” of this encyclopedia.

Detailed Description

Visual aftereffects have been described for an extremely wide range of visual stimuli in a variety of contexts. A well-studied example is the motion aftereffect, which was originally reported (somewhat ambiguously) by Aristotle and has been independently rediscovered many times...

Keywords

Fatigue Retina 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Ball C (2005) Motion aftereffects in a self-organizing model of primary visual cortex. Master’s thesis, The University of EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  2. Barlow HB (1990) A theory about the functional role and synaptic mechanism of visual after-effects. In: Blakemore C (ed) Vision: coding and efficiency. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 363–375Google Scholar
  3. Bednar JA, Miikkulainen R (2000) Tilt aftereffects in a self-organizing model of the primary visual cortex. Neural Comput 12(7):1721–1740PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ciroux J (2005) Simulating the McCollough effect in a self-organizing model of the primary visual cortex. Master’s thesis, The University of EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  5. Dickinson JE, Badcock DR (2013) On the hierarchical inheritance of aftereffects in the visual system. Front Psychol 4:472PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ellis SR (1977) Orientation selectivity of the McCollough effect: analysis by equivalent contrast transformation. Percept Psychophys 22(6):539–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gibson JJ, Radner M (1937) Adaptation, after-effect and contrast in the perception of tilted lines. J Exp Psychol 20:453–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Leopold DA, O’Toole AJ, Vetter T, Blanz V (2001) Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level aftereffects. Nat Neurosci 4(1):89–94PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mather G (1980) The movement aftereffect and a distribution-shift model for coding the direction of visual movement. Perception 9(4):379–392PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mather G, Pavan A, Campana G, Casco C (2008) The motion aftereffect reloaded. Trends Cogn Sci 12(12):481–487PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. McCollough C (1965) Color adaptation of edge-detectors in the human visual system. Science 149(3688):1115–1116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mitchell DE, Muir DW (1976) Does the tilt aftereffect occur in the oblique meridian? Vision Res 16:609–613PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mollon JD (1974) After-effects and the brain. New Sci 61(886):479–482Google Scholar
  14. Pond S, Kloth N, McKone E, Jeffery L, Irons J, Rhodes G (2013) Aftereffects support opponent coding of face gender. J Vis 13(14):16PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Schrater PR, Simoncelli EP (1998) Local velocity representation: evidence from motion adaptation. Vision Res 38(24):3899–3912PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Series P, Stocker AA, Simoncelli EP (2009) Is the homunculus “aware” of sensory adaptation? Neural Comput 21(12):3271–3304PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Storrs KR, Arnold DH (2012) Not all face aftereffects are equal. Vision Res 64:7–16PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thompson P, Burr D (2009) Visual aftereffects. Curr Biol 19(1):R11–R14PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tolhurst DJ, Thompson PG (1975) Orientation illusions and aftereffects: inhibition between channels. Vision Res 15:967–972PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vidyasagar TR (1990) Pattern adaptation in cat visual cortex is a co-operative phenomenon. Neuroscience 36(1):175–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Webster MA (2012) Evolving concepts of sensory adaptation. Fac 1000 Biol Rep 4:21Google Scholar
  22. Weliky M, Bosking WH, Fitzpatrick D (1996) A systematic map of direction preference in primary visual cortex. Nature 379:725–728PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Xu X, Collins CE, Khaytin I, Kaas JH, Casagrande VA (2006) Unequal representation of cardinal vs. oblique orientations in the middle temporal visual area. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103(46):17490–17495PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Xu H, Dayan P, Lipkin RM, Qian N (2008) Adaptation across the cortical hierarchy: low-level curve adaptation affects high-level facial-expression judgments. J Neurosci 28(13):3374–3383PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhao C, Seriès P, Hancock PJB, Bednar JA (2011) Similar neural adaptation mechanisms underlying face gender and tilt aftereffects. Vision Res 51(18):2021–2030PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation, School of InformaticsThe University of EdinburghEdinburghUK