Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Visual Aftereffects, Models of

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_730-1



Visual aftereffects are systematic changes in perception of a visual stimulus after adaptation to a previous stimulus. For instance, the tilt aftereffect affects the perception of tilted lines – after staring at an oriented line, slightly rotated lines appear to be much more different in orientation. Similar effects occur for a very wide variety of stimuli and have prompted a range of computational explanations primarily focusing on changes in responsiveness of feature-selective neurons in the visual cortex. Aftereffects are one type of visual illusion, which are discussed further in the entry “Visual Aftereffects, Models of” of this encyclopedia.

Detailed Description

Visual aftereffects have been described for an extremely wide range of visual stimuli in a variety of contexts. A well-studied example is the motion aftereffect, which was originally reported (somewhat ambiguously) by Aristotle and has been independently rediscovered many times...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation, School of InformaticsThe University of EdinburghEdinburghUK