Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Computational Models of Neuromodulation

  • Angela J. YuEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_625-1

Definition

Neuromodulatory systems serve a special meta-processing role in the brain. Due to their anatomical privileges of having massively extensive arborization patterns throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems and to their physiological capacity of finely controlling how other neurons communicate with each other and plasticize, they are ideally positioned to regulate the way information is acquired, processed, utilized, and stored in the brain. As such, neuromodulation has been a fertile ground for computational models for neural information processing, which have strived to explain not only how the major neuromodulators coordinate to enable normal sensory, motor, and cognitive functions but also how dysfunctions arise in psychiatric and neurological conditions when these neuromodulatory systems are impaired.

Detailed Description

Although much still remains unknown or opaque about neuromodulatory functions, a computationally sophisticated and coherent picture is...

Keywords

Prediction Error Pupil Diameter Reward Prediction Error Neuromodulatory System Signal Prediction Error 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cognitive ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA