Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Paraspinal Magnetic and Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation

  • Ursula S. HofstoetterEmail author
  • Simon M. Danner
  • Karen Minassian
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_603-6



Paraspinal magnetic and electrical stimulation target deep neural structures within the vertebral canal and in between neighboring vertebrae from a distance of several centimeters, with either magnetic coils or skin electrodes. The principal mechanism of stimulation at the neuronal level is the same for magnetic and electrical stimulation and is given by the induced electric field component or, in an equivalent way, the electric potential, generated along the anatomical path of the nerve fibers. Yet the generation of electric fields...


Magnetic Stimulation Spinal Cord Stimulation Lumbar Spinal Cord Lower Limb Muscle Motor Fiber 
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We wish to acknowledge the support of the Vienna Science and Technology Fund (WWTF), Proj.Nr. LS11–057, and the Wings for Life Spinal Cord Research Foundation (WfL), Proj.Nr. WFL-AT-007/11. Special thanks are due to Frank Rattay for his insightful comments and to Martin Schmoll for his support in preparing the illustrations.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ursula S. Hofstoetter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simon M. Danner
    • 1
  • Karen Minassian
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Institute of Analysis and Scientific ComputingVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria