Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Neuromorphic Sensors, Olfaction

  • Elisabetta Chicca
  • Michael Schmuker
  • Martin Nawrot
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_119-2

Definition

Neuromorphic olfaction is an emergent field of research which aims at unraveling computational principles of biological olfactory systems and translating them into algorithms and devices. The resulting technology has high potential for a wide range of practical applications (detection of chemical species, diagnosis, crime prevention and security, etc.) as well as a tool for basic research to verify hypotheses about the sense of smell in biological systems. Neuromorphic olfactory systems are composed of a sensing part which provides selective responses to particular chemical as input to a biologically inspired computational stage.

Detailed Description

Most animals rely on smell as sensory modality for survival and reproduction: it allows them to detect predator, food, and mates. The biological olfactory system is an ideal model for the study of information processing in biological neural networks. Furthermore, knowledge about animal olfaction could be used to improve...

Keywords

Lateral Inhibition Olfactory Receptor Olfactory System Antennal Lobe Spike Neural Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabetta Chicca
    • 1
  • Michael Schmuker
    • 2
  • Martin Nawrot
    • 2
  1. 1.Cognitive Interaction Technology – Center of ExcellenceBielefeld UniversityBielefeldGermany
  2. 2.Neuroinformatik/Theoretische Neurobiologie, Institut für BiologieFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany