Entrepreneur and Economists

  • Sophie BoutillierEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6616-1_408-2



The objective of this text is not to present an exhaustive analysis of the economic theories of the entrepreneur but by revisiting the works of a few key economists, to develop a reflection on the evolution of the role of the entrepreneur in today’s capitalist society. We should underline an apparent contradiction between two phenomena: the growing number of scholars of entrepreneurship (especially from the beginning of the 1980s) (Landström and Lohrke 2010, Boutillier and Uzunidis 1995, 2017) and the greater importance of large enterprises in today’s capitalism, despite numerous new business start-ups (Microsoft, Apple, Google, Facebook, etc.). Even if it appears to be the result of the “destructive creation” of Schumpeter (1942; Boutillier and Uzunidis 1995, 2017), which is the process of the continuous technological and organizational change of capitalism, the recent...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research unit on innovation and industrial strategies University of Littoral-Côte d’OpaleFrance Research Network on InnovationDunkerqueFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Evangelos (Vangelis) Grigoroudis
    • 1
  1. 1.Decision Support Systems Laboratory, School of Production Engineering and ManagementTechnical University of CreteChaniaGreece