Computerized Testing of Creativity

  • Mark A. RuncoEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6616-1_200058-1

Synonyms

Associative networks; Divergent thinking; Flexibility; Idea density; Originality; Semantic networks; Standardization

For years, computer scientists pointed to the Turing Test as a good way to assess the intelligence of a computer. The Turing Test was proposed by Alan Turing and requires a dialogue between a human and a computer. The human is not privy to who or what is on the other side of the dialogue and is asked to determine if the dialogue involves a computer or a human. To do so, the human types questions, and the computer answers them. If the human cannot ascertain that the computer is in fact a computer, it passes the test. The computer (or software, to be precise) is attributed with intelligence. The Turing Test was proposed in 1950. Finally, in 2014, a chat box named Eugene passed the Turning Test by fooling a human.

Computer scientists were not satisfied. They decided that there was a better way to test computers and developed a new test. The new test was named after...

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References

  1. Beketayev K, Runco MA. Scoring divergent thinking tests with a semantics-based algorithm. Eur J Psychol. 2016;12(2):210–20.  https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v12i2.1127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Reiter-Palmon R, Forthmann B, Barbot B. Scoring divergent thinking tests: a review and systematic framework. Psychol Aesthet Creat Arts. 2019;13(2):144–52.  https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Runco MA, Turkman B, Acar S, Nural MV. Idea density and the creativity of written works. J Genius Eminence. 2017;2:26–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Creativity Research & Programming Southern Oregon University AshlandUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Igor N. Dubina
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Faculty of EconomicsNovosibirsk State University (NSU)NovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.The International Institute of Economics, Management, and Information SystemsAltai State University (ASU)BarnaulRussia