Headaches, Types of: Cluster, Migraine, and Tension
Cluster headache, migraine, and tension-type headache are three major types of primary headaches. Primary headaches are headaches with no apparent underlying organic disease process.
The International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition (ICHD-3, Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society 2018), is a widely used classification of headaches, and it contains diagnostic criteria for headaches. Cluster headache, migraine, and tension-type headache are classified as primary headaches, and their diagnosis is based on the pain characteristics and associated symptoms. Generally, neuroimaging is not necessary for the diagnosis; however, it is considered to exclude underlying abnormalities of the brain in some cases. Assessment of psychosocial aspects is also important especially in migraine and tension-type headache because psychosocial factors can be precipitating and aggravating factors of headache and headache may affect...