Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Headaches, Types of: Cluster, Migraine, and Tension

  • Hiroe KikuchiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_405-2

Definition

Cluster headache, migraine, and tension-type headache are three major types of primary headaches. Primary headaches are headaches with no apparent underlying organic disease process.

Description

The International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition (ICHD-3, Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society 2018), is a widely used classification of headaches, and it contains diagnostic criteria for headaches. Cluster headache, migraine, and tension-type headache are classified as primary headaches, and their diagnosis is based on the pain characteristics and associated symptoms. Generally, neuroimaging is not necessary for the diagnosis; however, it is considered to exclude underlying abnormalities of the brain in some cases. Assessment of psychosocial aspects is also important especially in migraine and tension-type headache because psychosocial factors can be precipitating and aggravating factors of headache and headache may affect...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Further Reading

  1. Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society. (2018). The international classification of headache disorders, 3rd edition. Cephalalgia, 38(1), 1–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Loder, E., & Rizzoli, P. (2008). Tension-type headache. British Medical Journal, 336, 88–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. May, A. (2005). Cluster headache: Pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management. The Lancet, 366, 843–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Millea, P. J., & Brodie, J. J. (2002). Tension-type headache. American Family Physician, 66, 797–804.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Silberstein, S. D. (2004). Migraine. The Lancet, 363, 381–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychosomatic MedicineCenter Hospital, National Center for Global Health and MedicineTokyoJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of TokyoDepartment of Stress Sciences & Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of MedicineBunkyo-kuJapan