Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Carcinoma

  • Elizabeth FranzmannEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_162-2

Synonyms

Definition

Carcinoma includes malignancies that begin in the lining or covering of organs.

Description

According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI 2018), carcinoma is the most common category of cancer and includes malignancies that begin in the lining or covering of organs. Other cancer categories include sarcomas that begin in connective or supportive tissue such as muscle and bone, leukemias which start in blood-forming tissues, lymphoma and myelomas which originate in the immune system, and central nervous system tumors which include malignancies that start in the brain and spinal cord (NCI 2018). Nonmelanoma skin cancers, including basal cell and squamous cell, are the most common carcinomas in the United States (NCI 2018). Other carcinomas involving the prostate, breast, and lung are the next most common (American Cancer Society [ACS] 2018). Carcinoma, like any cancer, is characterized by dysregulated growth and uncontrolled...

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References

  1. American Cancer Society. (2011). Cancer facts & figures 2011. Atlanta.Google Scholar
  2. American Cancer Society. (2018). Cancer facts & figures 2018. Atlanta.Google Scholar
  3. Author. National Cancer Institute. (2015). What is cancer? https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/understanding/what-is-cancer. Accessed 31 Aug 2018.
  4. Author. National Cancer Institute. (2017). Types of cancer treatment. https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/types. Accessed 31 Aug 2018.
  5. Smith, R. A., Andrews, K. S., Brooks, D., Fedewa, S. A., Manassaram-Baptiste, D., Saslow, D., Brawley, O. W., & Wender, R. C. (2018). Cancer screening in the United States, 2018: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and issues in cancer screening. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 68, 297–316.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology/Division of Head and NeckMiller School of Medicine, University of MiamiMiamiUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Frank J. Penedo
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Medical Social Sciences, Psychology and Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA