Music and Health
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Music can be defined from various different perspectives, for instance, in technical terms with a focus on the combination and sequence of sound elements and attributes (e.g., pitch, timbre, loudness), as a socially and culturally constructed art form or as a subjective percept or experience. Accordingly, there is no clear-cut definition of what, exactly, music is. Typically, music incorporates one or more non-electronic or electronic instrument(s) and/or vocalization(s). Musical activities include listening to music (e.g., radio, playlist, concert) and engaging in music making (e.g., playing an instrument, singing).
With respect to music interventions in healthcare settings, most researchers and clinicians have come to the consensus that music therapy (MT) and music medicine (MM) describe different music-based approaches. MT involves a trained music therapist who uses active or receptive musical activities to promote the client’s health. An important factor underlying...
References and Further Readings
- Bradt, J., Dileo, C., Grocke, D., & Magill, L. (2011). Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (8), CD006911. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006911.pub2.
- de Witte, M., Spruit, A., van Hooren, S., Moonen, X., & Stams, G.-J. (2019). Effects of music interventions on stress-related outcomes: A systematic review and two meta-analyses. Health Psychology Review, 1–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2019.1627897.
- Feneberg, A. F.∗, Kappert, M. B.∗, Maidhof, R. M., Doering, B. K., Olbrich, D., & Nater, U. M. (submitted). Efficacy, treatment characteristics, and biopsychological mechanisms of music-listening interventions in reducing pain (MINTREP): Study protocol of a pilot randomized controlled trial.Google Scholar
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- Greb, F., Steffens, J., & Schlotz, W. (2019). Modeling music-selection behavior in everyday life: A multilevel statistical learning approach and mediation analysis of experience sampling data. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(390). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00390.
- Kappert, M. B., Wuttke-Linnemann, A., Schlotz, W., & Nater, U. M. (2019). The aim justifies the means-differences among musical and nonmusical means of relaxation or activation induction in daily life. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13(36). https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2019.00036.
- Koelsch, S. (2011). Toward a neural basis of music perception – A review and updated model. Frontiers in Psychology, 2(110). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00110.
- Kreutz, G., Quiroga Murcia, C., & Bongard, S. (2013). Psychoneuroendocrine research on music and health: An overview. In R. A. R. MacDonald, G. Kreutz, & L. Mitchell (Eds.), Music, health, and wellbeing (3rd ed., pp. 458–476). Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Linnemann, A., Strahler, J., & Nater, U. M. (2017). Assessing the effects of music listening on psychobiological stress in daily life. Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.3791/54920.
- Petot, T., Bouscaren, N., Maillard, O., Huiart, L., Boukerrou, M., & Reynaud, D. (2019). Comparing the effects of self-selected music versus predetermined music on patient anxiety prior to gynaecological surgery: A study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 20(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-3093-6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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