Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar


  • Josh NadeauEmail author
  • Eric A. Storch
  • Jeffrey J. Wood
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_477-3


Barker provides a concise and pragmatic conceptualization of psychotherapy, defining the process as a psychological treatment of life problems. Of interest are four added caveats: the treatment must be provided by a trained practitioner; treatment must occur as part of a professional relationship between provider and patient; treatment must attempt to remove, attenuate or change the life problems; and the process must involve the genesis or nurturance of adaptive behavior and/or personal growth (Barker 1999).

While there are multiple theoretical orientations within the realm of psychotherapy, treatments based upon behavioral and cognitive-behavioral theories have emerged as having the strongest evidence base. These treatments are provided under an array of titles (e.g., self-instructional training, problem-solving therapy, social skills training, and exposure therapy). However, a common thread among all of these psychotherapy programs is their grounding in empirically...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josh Nadeau
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Eric A. Storch
    • 3
  • Jeffrey J. Wood
    • 4
  1. 1.Rogers Behavioral HealthTampaUSA
  2. 2.PsychologyUniversity of South FloridaSt. PetersburgUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Departments of Psychiatry and EducationUCLA Center for Autism Research and TreatmentLos AngelesUSA