Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Hug Machine

  • Temple Grandin
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_180-3

Definition

I developed the hug machine, also called the squeeze machine, to calm my anxiety when I was a teenager. I am a person with autism, and when I entered puberty, I was in a constant state of anxiety and panic attacks. When I visited my aunt’s ranch at the age of 15, I observed cattle being handled in a squeeze chute for their vaccination. A squeeze chute is a narrow metal stall that holds the cattle tightly between two metal side panels. Some of the cattle appeared to relax when pressure was applied by the squeeze sides. After I saw this, I tried the squeeze chute and the deep pressure calmed my anxiety. Then I built a squeeze chute-type device that I could get in (Grandin 2006; Grandin and Scariano 1986). It has padded sides that apply pressure on both sides of the body. I got in the squeeze machine on my hands and knees, and the sides applied pressure to the sides of my body. The effect was to have even, deep pressure over a large area of my body. Another feature of the...

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References and Reading

  1. Ayres, J. A. (1979). Sensory integration and the child. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  2. Edelson, S. M., Edelson, M. G., Kerr, D. C., & Grandin, T. (1999). Behavioral and physiological effects of deep pressure on children with autism: A pilot study evaluating the efficacy of Grandin’s hug machine. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 53, 145–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fertel-Daly, D., Bedell, G., & Hinojosa, J. (2001). Effects of a weight vest on attention to task and self-stimulatory behaviors in preschoolers with developmental disorders. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 55, 626–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grandin, T. (1992). Calming effects of deep tough pressure in patients with autistic disorders, college students and animals. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmocology, 2, 63–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Grandin, T. (2006). Thinking in pictures. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  6. Grandin, T., & Scariano, M. (1986). Emergence labeled autistic. Novato: Arena Press.Google Scholar
  7. King, C., Buffington, L., Smith, T. J., & Grandin, T. (2014). The effect of pressure wrap (Thundershirt) on the heartrate and behavior of canines diagnosed with anxiety disorder. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9, 215–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Losinski, M., Sanders, S. A., & Wiseman, N. M. (2016). Examining the use of deep touch pressure to improve educational performance of students with disabilities. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 4, 3–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  10. Williams, N. G., & Borchelt, P. L. (2003). Full body restraint and rapid stimulus exposure as a treatment for dogs, with defensive aggressive behavior: Three core studies. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 16, 226–236.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal SciencesColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA