Behavior analysis is, “the experimental investigation of variables that influence the behavior of any living organism” (Mayer et al. 2012, p. 6). Often, it is used interchangeably with applied behavior analysis. While there is a relationship between the two, they are not synonymous. There are three branches of the science of behavior analysis – behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior (EAB), and applied behavior analysis (ABA) (Cooper et al. 2007). ABA, therefore, is one branch of the science of behavior analysis. In addition to these three branches of the science, there is also a focus on practice guided by behavior analysis.
The question of why people behave as they do has been answered in many ways. Over the centuries, many different belief systems have evolved to explain human behavior, including religion, mythology, astrology, and cultural practices. Psychologists, whose focus is on behavior, have developed...
References and Reading
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- Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied behavior analysis (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Mayer, G. R., Sulzer-Azaroff, B., & Wallace, M. (2012). Behavior analysis for lasting change (2nd ed.). Cornwall-on-Hudson: Sloan Publishing.Google Scholar