Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

2014 Edition
| Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne

Social Networks in Emergency Response

  • Dashun Wang
  • Yu-Ru Lin
  • James P. Bagrow
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6170-8_293

Synonyms

Glossary

Emergency

An unexpected and often dangerous situation, typically affecting multiple individuals and requiring immediate action

Social and Communication Networks

Networks of people interacting with each other through web-based (e.g., Twitter) and mobile-based (e.g., mobile phone) technologies

Social Media

Web-based tools that enable people to communicate and interact with each other in various media forms including text and multimedia. Examples of these tools include emails, instant messengers (IM), blogs, microblogs (e.g., Twitter), vlogs (e.g., YouTube), podcasts, forum, wikis, social news (e.g., Digg), social bookmarking (e.g., Delicious), and social networks (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn)

Definition

Modern datasets derived from telecommunication technologies such as online social media and mobile phone systems...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Aramaki E, Maskawa S, Morita M (2011) Twitter catches the flu: detecting influenza epidemics using twitter. In: Proceedings of the conference on empirical methods in natural language processing, Edinburgh. Association for Computational Linguistics, pp 1568–1576Google Scholar
  2. Bagrow JP, Wang D, Barabsi A-L (2011) Collective response of human populations to large-scale emergencies. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17680Google Scholar
  3. Caragea C, McNeese N, Jaiswal A, Traylor G, Kim H, Mitra P, Wu D, Tapia A, Giles L, Jansen B, et al (2011) Classifying text messages for the Haiti earthquake. In: Proceedings of the 8th international ISCRAM conference, ISCRAM, Harbin, vol 11Google Scholar
  4. Chew C, Eysenbach G (2010) Pandemics in the age of twitter: content analysis of tweets during the 2009 h1n1 outbreak. PLoS One 5(11):e14118Google Scholar
  5. Culotta A (2010) Towards detecting influenza epidemics by analyzing twitter messages. In: Proceedings of the first workshop on social media analytics, Washington, DC. ACM, pp 115–122Google Scholar
  6. Earle P, Bowden D, Guy M (2012) Twitter earthquake detection: earthquake monitoring in a social world. Ann Geophys 54(6):708–715Google Scholar
  7. Ginsberg J, Mohebbi M, Patel R, Brammer L, Smolinski M, Brilliant L (2008) Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data. Nature 457(7232): 1012–1014Google Scholar
  8. Gomide J, Veloso A, Meira W, Almeida V, Benevenuto F, Ferraz F, Teixeira M (2011) Dengue surveillance based on a computational model of spatio-temporal locality of twitterGoogle Scholar
  9. Guy M, Earle P, Ostrum C, Gruchalla K, Horvath S (2010) Integration and dissemination of citizen reported and seismically derived earthquake information via social network technologies. In: Proceedings of the 9th international conference on advances in intelligent data analysis, Tucson, pp 42–53Google Scholar
  10. Hughes A, Palen L (2009) Twitter adoption and use in mass convergence and emergency events. Int J Emerg Manag 6(3):248–260Google Scholar
  11. Kapoor A, Eagle N, Horvitz E (2010) People, quakes, and communications: inferences from call dynamics about a seismic event and its influences on a population. In: Proceedings of AAAI artificial intelligence for development (AI-D'10), StanfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Li J, Rao H (2010) Twitter as a rapid response news service: an exploration in the context of the 2008 china earthquake. Electron J Inf Syst Dev Ctries 42(0)Google Scholar
  13. Mendoza M, Poblete B, Castillo C (2010) Twitter under crisis: can we trust what we rt? In: Proceedings of the first workshop on social media analytics, Washington, DC. ACM, pp 71–79Google Scholar
  14. Paul M, Dredze M (2011) You are what you tweet: analyzing twitter for public health. In: Proceedings of the 5th international AAAI conference on weblogs and social media (ICWSM), BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  15. Petrescu-Prahova M, Butts CT (2008) Emergent coordinators in the World Trade Center disaster. Int J Mass Emerg Disasters 28(3):133–168Google Scholar
  16. Prier K, Smith M, Giraud-Carrier C, Hanson C (2011) Identifying health-related topics on twitter. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference social computing, behavioral-cultural modeling and prediction, College Park, pp 18–25Google Scholar
  17. Quincey E, Kostkova P (2010) Early warning and outbreak detection using social networking websites: The potential of twitter. Electronic Healthcare. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 21–24Google Scholar
  18. Rodríguez H, Quarantelli E, Dynes R (2006) Handbook of disaster research. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Sakaki T, Okazaki M, Matsuo Y (2010) Earthquake shakes twitter users: real-time event detection by social sensors. In: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on world wide web, Raleigh. ACM, pp 851–860Google Scholar
  20. Sheetz S, Kavanaugh AL, Quek F, Kim BJ, Lu S-C (2010) The expectation of connectedness and cell phone use in crises. J Emergen Manag 7(2):124–136Google Scholar
  21. Signorini A, Segre A, Polgreen P (2011) The use of twitter to track levels of disease activity and public concern in the us during the influenza a h1n1 pandemic. PLoS One 6(5):e19467Google Scholar
  22. Zamite J, Silva F, Couto F, Silva M (2011) Medcollector: multisource epidemic data collector. In: Transactions on large-scale data-and knowledge-centered systems IV. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 7(2):124–136Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dashun Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yu-Ru Lin
    • 3
    • 4
  • James P. Bagrow
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Complex Network ResearchNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cancer Systems BiologyDana-Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA
  3. 3.College of Computer and Information ScienceNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.Institute for Quantitative Social ScienceHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  5. 5.Engineering Sciences and Applied MathematicsNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  6. 6.Northwestern Institute on Complex SystemsNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA