Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne

RDF

  • Thomas Gottron
  • Steffen Staab
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6170-8_114

Glossary

RDF

Resource Description Framework

RDFS

RDF Schema

URI

Uniform Resource Identifier

Definition

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) provides a model for representing data. Its background is set historically in a web environment where it is used for representing information in a device- and platform-independent way. The data model of RDF corresponds to a directed, labelled graph. Technically RDF consists of several W3C recommendations which define its concepts and abstract syntax (Klyne and Carroll). Work on the RDF 1.1 specifications has commenced and reached a draft status at W3C (Cyganiak and Wood).

The core idea of RDF is to represent “things” by URIs. Information is provided by statements about the things and statements are expressed as triples. These triples consist of a subject, a predicate, and an object and express that the subject is in a certain relation (identified by the predicate) with the object. The relations between things can be interpreted and represented...

This is a preview of subscription access content, login to check access

References

  1. Beckett D (2004) RDF/XML syntax specification (Revised). http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013Google Scholar
  2. Beckett D (2013) N-Triples. http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-n-triples-20130409/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013Google Scholar
  3. Beckett D, Berners-Lee T (2013) Eric Prud’hommeaux and Gavin Carothers. Turtle. http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/CR-turtle-20130219/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  4. Berners-Lee T, Connolly D (2011) Notation3 (N3): a readable RDF syntax. http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2011/SUBM-n3-20110328/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013Google Scholar
  5. Brickley D, Guha RV (2004) RDF vocabulary description language 1.0: RDF Schema. http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013Google Scholar
  6. Cyganiak R, Wood D, RDF 1.1 concepts and abstract syntax (W3C last call working draft 23 July 2013). http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-rdf11-concepts-201307-23/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  7. Klyne G, Carroll JJ, Resource description framework (RDF): concepts and abstract syntax. http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Gottron
    • 1
  • Steffen Staab
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Web Science and Technologies, Universität Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany