Orientation of English Medieval Parish Churches

  • Peter G. Hoare
Reference work entry


Our understanding of the alignment of English medieval parish churches, after more than three centuries of research, is far from complete. The arrangement of relatively few structures has been explained beyond reasonable doubt, and tests of the overwhelmingly popular festival orientation theory are often insufficiently rigorous to provide convincing answers. Much work remains to be done, including verifying and analyzing some of the existing raw data, determining whether the present church was dedicated at the time of construction, examining wills for evidence of early dedications, measuring the effect of eastern horizons on sunrise azimuths, and consulting excavation reports to assess whether earlier buildings may have influenced the arrangement of those churches that replaced them.


Magnetic Compass Christian Church Gregorian Calendar Patron Saint Early Building 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Grateful thanks are extended to Anne Milton, Caroline Sweet, Hans Ketel, and John McCullough.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ElyUK

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