Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

pp 961-965

Jung, Carl Gustav, and Feminism

Carl Gustav Jung’s analytical psychology was important in valuing the feminine in counterbalance to what he saw as an excessive shift towards “masculine” logos, rationality, and science in Western society. But, infused with patriarchal assumptions, Jung’s work on gender is flawed and lacks awareness of the issues raised by later feminist psychologists such as Crawford and Unger (2000). Jung’s work is however an important catalyst. Jung’s critique of religion has inspired some women and men to challenge the absence of the divine feminine and women leaders in their religions of birth and others to turn to goddess spirituality to find empowering religious images and roles.

Women in Switzerland

Carl Jung’s attitudes to women were formed in the conservative patriarchal culture of late nineteenth-century Switzerland. It was an era that saw the beginning of first-wave feminism; but women did not gain the vote in Swiss federal elections until 1971 (CFQF 2009b), and equality i ...

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