Sustainable Built Environments

2013 Edition
| Editors: Vivian Loftness, Dagmar Haase

Bioclimatic Design

  • Donald WatsonEmail author
Reference work entry


Bioclimatic design – combining “biology” and “climate” – is an approach to the design of buildings and landscape that is based on local climate. The approach was promoted in a series of professional and popular publications in the 1950s [1, 2]. In using the term “bioclimatic,” architectural design is linked to the physiological and psychological need for health and comfort. In adopting bioclimatic approaches, the designer endeavors to create comfort conditions in buildings by understanding the microclimate and resulting design strategies that include natural ventilation, daylighting, and passive heating and cooling. The premise of bioclimatic design is that buildings utilize natural heating, cooling, and daylighting in accordance with local climatic conditions.

Resilient designis an extension of bioclimatic design. It adds precautionary measures to provide health and safety to prepare for natural disasters, including extreme storms and flooding of inland watersheds and...

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The author is indebted to Murray Milne, Baruch Givoni, and late Kenneth Labs, as well as those whose work is cited in the text and illustrations, all of whom contributed immeasurably to the development of the author’s work described in this entry.


Primary Literature

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Books and Reviews

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  11. United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) (2007) Buildings and climate change: status, challenges and opportunities. ISBN: 978-92-807-2795-1Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FAIATrumbullUSA