It is a historical fact that empirical psychology (and other empirical social sciences) has produced research work that must be labeled as racist, classist, sexist, etc. Empirical methods and commitments to empiricism and “objectivity” could not prevent the reality that minorities, women, gays and lesbians, subaltern groups, lower classes, people with disabilities, etc. were portrayed as inferior or as a problem when differences were found. How was (and is) that possible and how should this “knowledge” produced in scientific racism, sexism, classism, etc. be characterized? How can it be understood from the perspective of persons or groups who are constructed in harmful ways? Teo (2008, 2010, 2011a, b) has argued that harmful empirical “knowledge” (results and interpretations) that is disseminated in academic work on race, gender, class, disability, homosexuality, etc. can be understood as a form of violence.
In order to understand the construction of harmful knowledge of...
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