Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

pp 2039-2042


  • Aydan GulerceAffiliated withDepartment of Educational Sciences, Institute of Social Sciences, Bogaziçi University Email author 


Universalization is both a process of homogenization towards the utopic idea of universal unity and an obligation to the presupposition of universality. Universalization works as reification, in practice. Thus, as both a cause and an effect, it frequently is used interchangeably with the principle of universalism in psychology and in all areas of systematic study and everyday communications as well. Although universalization and universalism might appear similar at first sight (even like Siamese twins at times) and are closely related with other relevant concepts with the prefix uni-, such as human universals, unification, uniformity, universe, and so on, they are not identical. Universalization, for instance, could have been about the dissemination of different principles and ideals in psychological sciences such as pluralism, human diversity, particularity, multiverses, and so on, in principle. Thus, this fictive yet self-fulfilling process of unification is a ...

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