Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_181


Matriarchy is an alternative, parallel, or opposite culture to a contemporary or historical patriarchal culture. As such, discussions of matriarchy relate directly to patriarchy and respond to dominant patriarchal cultures with specific structures and ways of thinking; influenced by the cultural context of patriarchy, psychologists have at times overlooked expressions of matriarchy, or treated them as deviant. The core contribution of matriarchy to contemporary feminist theory and activism is in situating patriarchy within a historical, societal, or cultural narrative, as opposed to a biological narrative. Some feminist strategies approached matriarchy as an experimental and alternative culture to patriarchy. In parallel women’s movements, including contemporary movements, women who do not identify as feminist have sometimes organized on the basis of shared experiences of motherhood. Some contemporary feminist and women’s groups echo principles of matriarchy in the sense...

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Online Resources

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HumanitiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada