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Acupuncture in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Reference work entry

Abstract

Acupuncture is one of the commonest forms of complementary and alternative medicine used by parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in search of a “cure.” It is a heterogeneous form of therapy, with different methods of stimulation (manual or electrical) on different acupoints (on the body, tongue, scalp, ears, etc.), using different schedules. The therapeutic rationale of acupuncture is mainly based on theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the biological mechanism of action is not fully understood. Because of heterogeneity of ASD subjects recruited for acupuncture trials, variations in the type of acupuncture used, and lack of standardization of selection of acupoints, more studies need to be conducted to define the role of acupuncture as an add-on treatment modality for ASD.

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Traditional Chinese Medicine Sham Acupuncture Aberrant Behavior Checklist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent MedicineThe University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary HospitalHong Kong SARChina

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