- 68 Downloads
Small circular cones with low profile flanks and with wide relatively shallow central crater with a relatively simple map view outline.
In a broad sense, tuff rings commonly refer to any ring-like low-profile small volume volcanic edifices with wide craters where their crater floor is above the syn-eruptive surface.
Tuff ring craters are typically surrounded by pyroclastic beds dip radially away from the crater in low angle (<25° on Earth) and rarely traceable more than a km away from the crater rim (Kereszturi and Németh 2013; Németh 2010a; Vespermann and Schmincke 2000; Wohletz and Sheridan 1983).
Tuff ring crater rim deposits are dominated by dune-bedded, laminar tuff beds that are intercalated with coarser grained tuff brecias and lapilli tuffs in proximal to the vent that beds are laterally discontinuous (Heiken 1971; Kereszturi and Németh 2013; Németh et al. 2012a; Wohletz and Sheridan 1983).
Tuff rings have normally low topographic profiles and...
- Brand BD, White CM, Anonymous (2004) Base-surge mechanics and structures, an example from Sinker Butte, ID, western Snake River plain. Abstracts with Programs – Geol Soc Am 36(4):84–84Google Scholar
- Brož P, Hauber E (2013) Hydrovolcanic tuff rings and cones as indicators for phreatomagmatic explosive eruptions on Mars. J Geophys Res Planet 118:1656–1675. doi:10.1002/jgre.20120Google Scholar
- Buettner R, Dellino P, La Volpe L, Lorenz V, Zimanowski B (2002) Thermohydraulic explosions in phreatomagmatic eruptions as evidenced by the comparison between pyroclasts and products from Molten Fuel Coolant Interaction experiments. J Geophys Res 107(B11):14–14Google Scholar
- Gutmann JT, Sheridan M (1978) Geology ofthe Pinacate volcanic field. Arizona Bur Geol Mining Tech Spec Paper 2:47–59Google Scholar
- Houghton BF, Wilson CJN, Smith IEM (1999) Shallow-seated controls on styles of explosive basaltic volcanism; a case study from New Zealand. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 91(1):97–120Google Scholar
- Kereszturi G, Németh K (2013) Monogenetic basaltic volcanoes: genetic classification, growth, geomorphology and degradation. In: Németh K (ed) Updates in volcanology – new advances in understanding volcanic systems. inTech Open, Rijeka. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/51387
- Martin U, Nemeth K (2006) Eruptive mechanism of phreatomagmatic volcanoes from the Pinacate volcanic field: comparison between Crater Elegante and Cerro Colorado. Mexico Z dt Ges Geowiss 157(3):451–466Google Scholar
- McGill GE (2002) The small domes and pits of Cydonia Mensae and adjacent Acidalia Planitia, Mars: implications for the role of near-surface water or ice. Lunar Planet Sci XXXIII, abstract #1126, HoustonGoogle Scholar
- Németh K (2010b) Volcanic glass textures, shape characteristics and compositions of phreatomagmatic rock units from the Western Hungarian monogenetic volcanic fields and their implications for magma fragmentation. Central Eur J Geosci 2(3):399–419Google Scholar
- Németh K, Cronin S, Haller MJ, Brenna M, Csillag G (2010) Modern analogues for Miocene to Pleistocene alkali basaltic phreatomagmatic fields in the Pannonian Basin: “soft-substrate” to “combined” aquifer controlled phreatomagmatism in intraplate volcanic fields. Central Eur J Geosci 2(3):339–361Google Scholar
- Vespermann D, Schmincke H-U (2000) Cinder cones and tuff rings. In: Sigurdsson H, Houghton BF, McNutt SR, Rymer H, Stix J (eds) Encyclopedia of Volcanoes. Academic, San Diego, pp 683–694Google Scholar
- Yingst RA, Schmidt ME, Lentz RCF (2009) Observations of a potential Mars analog at the microscale using rover-inspired methods: a 10-sol observation of Fort Rock tuff ring. J Geophys Res 114(E06004). doi:10.1029/2008JE003223Google Scholar