Encyclopedia of Systems and Control

Living Edition
| Editors: John Baillieul, Tariq Samad

Pilot-Vehicle System Modeling

  • Aleksandr EfremovEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-5102-9_22-2

Abstract

The main types and variables of pilot-aircraft systems and pilot control response characteristics are considered. The basic regularities of pilot behavior exposed in closed-loop systems are briefly discussed. Different types of models of pilot behavior are reviewed including classical (McRuer), structural, and optimal control models.

Keywords

Pilot behavior Manual control Describing function Remnant spectral density Crossover pilot model Structural model Pilot optimal control model 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Allen RW, Jex H (1972) A simple Fourier analysis technique for measuring the dynamic response of manual control systems. IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern SMC 2(5):638–643Google Scholar
  2. Anderson RO (1970) A new approach to the specification and evaluation of flying qualities. AFFDL-TR-69-120, Wright-Patterson AFB, Air Force Flight Dynamics Lab, June 1970Google Scholar
  3. Cooper GE, Harper RP (1969) The use of pilot rating in the evaluation of aircraft handling qualities. NASA TN-D-5153. Moffett Field, NASA Ames Research Center, Apr 1969Google Scholar
  4. Efremov AV (1995) Development and application of the methods for pilot aircraft system research to the manual control tasks of modern vehicles. In: AGARD conference proceedings No. 556 Dual usage in military and commercial technology in guidance and control, Oct 1995Google Scholar
  5. Efremov AV, Ogloblin AV (2006) Progress-in-the-loop investigations for flying qualities prediction and evaluation. ICAS Congress, Hamburg, Sept 2006Google Scholar
  6. Efremov AV, Tjaglik MS (2011) The development of perspective displays for highly precise tracking tasks. In: Holzapfel F, Theil S (eds) Advances in aerospace guidance, navigation and control. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 163–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Efremov AV, Ogloblin AV, Predtechensky AN, Rodchenko VV (1992) Pilot as a dynamic system. Mashinostroenije, Moscow, pp 1–343Google Scholar
  8. Efremov AV, Ogloblin AV, Koshelenko AV (1998) Evaluation and prediction of aircraft handling qualities. A collection of technical papers AIAA atmospheric flight mechanics conference and exhibit. AIAA – 98 – 4145, Boston, 10–12 Aug 1998Google Scholar
  9. Grunwald AI (1985) Predictor laws for pictorial displays. J Guid Control Dyn 8(5):545–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hess R (1979) Structural model of the adaptive human behavior. J Guid Control 3(5):416–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hess R (1984) The effects of time delay on systems subject to manual control. J Guid Control Dyn 7: 165–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hess R (1990) A model of human use of motion cues. J Guid Control Dyn 13(3):476–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kleiman D, Baron S, Levison W (1970) An optimal control model of human response, parts 1, 2. Automatica 6(3):357–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Klein R, Clement W (1973) Application of manual control display theory to the development of flight director systems for STOL aircraft AFFDL-72-152Google Scholar
  15. Levison W, Baron S, Kleiman D (1969) A model for controller remnant. IEEE Trans MMS-10(4):101–108Google Scholar
  16. Magdaleno RE (1972) Serial segments method for measuring remnant. IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern SMC-2(5):674–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McRuer DT (1997) Aviation safety and pilot control understanding and preventing unfavorable pilot-vehicle interactions. National Academy Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  18. McRuer DT, Jex HR (1967) A review of quasilinear pilot models. IEEE Trans HFE-8(3):231–249Google Scholar
  19. McRuer DT, Krendel ES (1974) Mathematical models of human pilot behavior. AGARDograph 188:1–72Google Scholar
  20. McRuer DT, Hofmann LG, Jex HR et al (1968) New approaches to human pilot/vehicle dynamic analysis. AFFDL-TR-67-150Google Scholar
  21. Mulder M (1999) Cybernetics of tunnel in the sky display. Ph.D. thesis, DelftGoogle Scholar
  22. Neal TP, Smith RE (1971) A flying qualities criterion for the design of a fighter flight control systems. J Aircraft 8(10):803–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schmidt D (1979) Optimal flight control synthesis via pilot modeling. J Guid Control Dyn 4(2):308–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shirley R (1969) Application of modified fast Fourier transform to calculate human operator describing functions. IEEE Trans Man-Machine Syst MMS-10(4):140–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stapleford R, Ashkenas J et al (1967) Analysis of several handling quality topics pertinent to advanced manned aircraft. AFFDL-TR-67-2, Wright-Patterson ASB, Air Force Flight Dynamics Lab, June 1967Google Scholar
  26. Zaichik LE et al (2014) Effect of manipulator type and feel system characteristics on high frequency biodynamic pilot-aircraft interaction. 28 ICAS Congress, Saint Petersburg, Sept 2014Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Moscow Aviation InstituteMoscowRussia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tstiotras Panagiotis
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA