Reference Work Entry

Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

pp 140-142


Baillaud, Edouard-Benjamin

  • Raymonde BarthalotAffiliated withObservatoire de la Cote d’Azur Email author 

BornChalon-sur-Saône, Saône et Loire, France, 14 February 1848

DiedToulouse, Haute-Garonne, France, 8 July 1934

Baillaud, Edouard-Benjamin. Reproduced from Popular Astronomy 27, no. 9 (Nov. 1919)

French astronomer Benjamin Baillaud is best remembered today for his seminal roles in the founding of the Carte du Ciel project (the first photographic atlas of the sky) in the late nineteenth century and in the establishment of the International Astronomical Union just after World War I. He was, in many ways, the French counterpart of George Hale.

Baillaud, whose father was an employee at the city hall of Chalon, came from a large and modest Burgundian family of seven children and received scholarships to the Lycée of Lyon, where he studied special mathematics. Passing through the École Normale Supérieure (1866–1869), he taught in several French lycées until 1878, even as he became an assistant to Urbain Le Verrier (1872) at the Paris Observatory and a specialist in mathematical astronomy (1874). ...

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